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Storage Schools, Standards for Performance Prediction of the Semiconductor Industry---Moore's Law

日期: 2018-07-20
浏览次数: 88

    Everything has its own laws, and the natural world has its own laws of evolution. The biology has its own evolutionary laws, and the development of things follows the laws. Today, Xiaoxue wants to tell you about the development of the semiconductor industry - Moore's Law.

存储学堂丨半导体行业性能预测的标准----摩尔定律


   Moore's Law is a law closely related to physics, technology, innovation and economy. It is a language of the semiconductor industry. It is a legendary chapter in the history of human creation, which has changed an important milestone in human history and human cognition.

   Moore's Law was discovered in 1965 by Intel's honorary chairman Gordon Moore after a long period of observation. It refers to the number of transistors in the IC class, which will double every 18 months, and the performance will double. According to this trend, the computing power will increase exponentially with respect to the time period. This explanation continues until now. And unusual accuracy, not only for the description of the memory chip, but also for the development of processor capabilities and disk drive storage capacity, the law becomes the basis for performance prediction.

存储学堂丨半导体行业性能预测的标准----摩尔定律

   The reason why Moore's Law can become the benchmark of the industry is that history has verified its accuracy time and time again. 

   In 1959, the first data given by Moore was that only one component was integrated on the silicon wafer at the time. In the following years, the number of integrated components did not increase much. According to his evaluation method, Moore lists a limited number of five data to make a chart, such as the development of 32 components on a single chip in 1964. Even more amazing is that the 1965 data is more than 60 components on the chip, and is in the laboratory development process, is expected to be released in late 1965. Based on these limited data, he made bold predictions, predicting that the integration will reach 65,000 in ten years! Ten years later, in 1975, Intel was producing memory with an integration of about 65,000 components, and Moore's predictions were amazingly realized.

存储学堂丨半导体行业性能预测的标准----摩尔定律

   According to statistics released by Intel Corporation, the number of transistors on a single chip increased from 2,300 on the 4004 processor in 1971 to 7.5 million on the Pentium II processor in 1997, and increased by 3,200 times in 26 years. If Massager’s prediction of 'double every two years' should include 13 doubling cycles in 26 years, the number of components integrated on the chip should be increased by 2n times (0 ≤ n ≤ 12) after each cycle, so In the 13th cycle, that is, after 26 years, the number of components should be increased by 212 = 4096 times. As a prediction of the development trend, this is quite close to the actual growth multiple of 3200 times.

存储学堂丨半导体行业性能预测的标准----摩尔定律

   The correctness of Moore's Law is examined from the three elements of a personal computer (ie, a PC), a microprocessor chip, a semiconductor memory, and system software. On the microprocessor side, from 8086 and 8088 in 1979, to 80286 in 1982, 80386 in 1985, 80486 in 1989, Pentium in 1993, PentiumPro in 1996, and Pentium II in 1997. Prices are getting lower and lower, and every update is a direct result of Moore's Law. At the same time, the internal memory capacity of the PC has been expanded from the earliest 480k to 8M, 16M, which is more consistent with Moore's Law.

存储学堂丨半导体行业性能预测的标准----摩尔定律

   In terms of system software, the size and function of the system software are greatly limited due to the limitation of storage capacity. As the memory capacity grows exponentially according to the law of Moore's Law, the system software is no longer limited to a small space, and it contains The number of lines of program code has also skyrocketed: Basic source code was only 4,000 lines in 1975 and developed to about 500,000 lines in 20 years. Microsoft's word processing software Word, the first edition of 1982, contained 27,000 lines of code and increased to about 2 million lines in 20 years. Some people have drawn a curve on their development speed and found that the scale and complexity of software are growing faster than Moore's Law. The development of system software has in turn increased the demand for processors and memory chips, thus stimulating the faster development of integrated circuits.

存储学堂丨半导体行业性能预测的标准----摩尔定律

   In conclusion, Moore's Law is not a mathematical or physical law, but an analysis and prediction of the development trend. Therefore, whether it is a textual expression or a quantitative calculation, it should allow a certain margin. In this sense, Moore's predictions are accurate and valuable, so they will be recognized by the industry and have a huge response.

   Today, Moore's Law has become a planning schedule for industrial development. It is inspired by the innovation of planar technology that Moore gets his 'law.' Due to the continuous innovation of the process, the device can be made smaller and smaller, and Ruishi International also keeps up with the development of technology and brings the latest semiconductor technology to the users.

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  About Ramsta  


Ruishi International Headquarters is located in Hong Kong and Taiwan. It has set up a research and development center in Shenzhen. It has set up a sales company in Shenzhen. It has a storage product R&D and manufacturing base in Taiwan and Shenzhen. It is committed to the research and development and manufacturing of high-end, cutting-edge storage products. Rui Shi established the Greater China Marketing Center in Shenzhen. As a professional storage product R&D, manufacturing and sales integration service provider, Ruishi currently has a place in the SSD solid state drive, DARM module memory, TF flash card and other series of storage products.


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